bees, like other bees, are wild rather than domesticated.
The species would survive in the wild state without any
interference from man and its behavior would continue
to be unchanged. Any success man has attained in utilizing
honey bees for their productivity is the result of his
close study of their natural instincts and behavior. He
has used this knowledge to develop management practices
that permit him to operate them for his own benefit.
bees, including the honey bee, have branched hairs covering
their bodies. This is one of the important characteristics
that distinguishes bees from other insects. These branched
hairs become dusted with pollen grains as they visit the
flowers. The pollen of a different flower of the same
species usually competes well in the fertilization process
with pollen from the flower being pollinated. Since a
bee may visit 100 to 400 blossoms during each trip to
the field, cross- pollination is effected by distribution
of pollen grains from the anthers of one flower to the
stigma of another.
plants with perfect flowers, that is bearing both anthers
and stigma, are self-sterile to their own pollen; in others
the mate and female flowers are produced on different
plants; and in others the male and female blossoms are
separate on the same plant. All three situations make
bees essential to the production of seed and fruit. Even
self-fertile plants are usually more productive when crosspollinated.